A Hálaadás ünnepe – Thanksgiving
A Képes szövegértés című videó sorozatban mindig egy-egy érdekes témát járunk körül. A rövid show keretében összefoglaljuk és elmagyarázzuk, mi mit jelent és mit érdemes tudni róla. Így egyszerre fejlesztjük angol nyelvtudásunk, és bővítjük általános műveltségünket. A szöveges átiratot a videó alatt olvashatod el. Mai témánk:
A Hálaadás ünnepe
The Thanksgiving Holiday
We reveal the truth behind the Thanksgiving holiday.
Every year Miss Suzie’s fourth-grade class puts on feather headdresses and buckled hats to celebrate Thanksgiving traditions. This year she wants to teach her kids the lesser known facts about Thanksgiving. Her students know that families sailed from England in 1620 seeking religious freedom. The native people taught settlers how to grow crops and when the harvest became comfortable, they thanked the gods with a three-day festival. Similar rituals are celebrated around the world, but there are fascinating reasons why Thanksgiving became a federal holiday in the U.S. Miss Suzie explains how the first documented feast didn’t officially start the tradition, and Thanksgiving wasn’t recognized until George Washington declared it in 1789. But that didn’t carry on and the ritual was lost for years.
Then, a 19th century writer named Sarah Josepha Hale, famous for ‘Mary had a little lamb,’ read a pilgrims’ diary and was inspired by their festivals of hunting and eating. She wrote to presidents for 30 years in an effort to campaign for unity until finally Abraham Lincoln responded seeing it as a viable plan for peace during the Civil War. Franklin D Roosevelt tried moving Thanksgiving up a calendar week during the Great Depression as an attempt to boost pre-Christmas sales. That only lasted for three years before fixing the date to the last Thursday of November, where it remains today.
In 1989 George H. Bush sent a turkey off to retirement – never to be eaten. This new tradition dubbed ‘the pardoning of the turkey’ is Miss Suzie’s favorite tradition. She’s a vegetarian. Miss Suzie and her class are now learning more about Sarah Josepha Hale, the true hero of Thanksgiving and celebrating with a vegetarian feast.
Happy Thanksgiving everyone!
Credits: Simpleshow Foundation
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