Medical Myths and Superstitions
A nyugati kultúrákban élő embereknek talán nehéz elképzelni, hogy a világ más részein milyen – mondjuk úgy – „érdekes” hiedelmek és babonák tartják magukat erősen még a 21. században is. Például India egyes vidékein az emberek szentül hiszik, hogy ha megharapja őket egy kutya, akkor nekik kiskutyáik fognak születni. (Legyen a harapás áldozata akár nő, akár férfi!) És persze nemigen lehet őket meggyőzni arról, hogy egy embernek nem születhetnek kutyakölykei. Ők biztos, ami biztos alapon inkább elmennek a helyi gyógyítóhoz, aki csodafüveivel és főzeteivel megelőzi azoknak a nem kívánt kiskutyáknak a világra jöttét.
Az orvosláshoz kötődő mítoszokról és babonákról szól a következő angol nyelvű cikk.
Medical Myths and Superstitions
Rural areas of India may have few doctors or other health resources. Instead, many people use traditional healers. These faith-based healers, or witch doctors, sometimes have strange theories about how the body works. In West Bengal, for example, some people have long believed that getting bitten by a dog leads to the birth of puppies. Dr. Kumar Kanti Ghosh is a psychiatrist. He helped document this belief in so-called puppy pregnancy syndrome for an article. It appeared in the Lancet medical journal in two thousand three. His interest started when a nine-year-old boy came to his health clinic about ten days after being bitten by a dog. The boy believed that he was pregnant with a puppy. And the boy’s parents said he was starting to sound like a dog. A healer named Budheswar Singh says his mixture of yogurt and herbs has cured many people. “If the man is brought to me on time, I can give him my medicine and he will be all right.” Sanjay Samui is a medical doctor who wishes people would stop believing ideas like this. “They are uneducated village people — they still hold on to such superstitions,” he says. He tells everyone that in no situation can a puppy be born inside a human body. The national government spends about one and a half percent of India’s gross domestic product on health care. This is among the lowest rates in the world. It means faith healers are the only choice in some places. The healers spread medical myths and even build distrust against doctors. But in some countries, doctors may seek help from traditional healers. Officials in Russia have counted at least eight hundred thousand alternative healers — more than the number of medical doctors. Daria Minerova, a healer in Moscow, told a reporter that doctors often called on her to either cast spells or clear spells for patients. She said they ask her for help when they have a difficult case in trying to cure a patient. Health care in Russia is basically free. So cost does not explain why people seek alternative healers. Marina Belorysova is an English teacher in Moscow. She told a reporter that people avoid western medical care in Russia for a different reason: such care is generally of poor quality. She said many people turn to alternative medicine because they believe that nothing really bad will happen.
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